Top 10 Most Common Diseases In Africa
In today’s world, it is stupid to think that infectious diseases cannot cross borders. By allowing poorest and developing countries access to generic drugs. We should not only improve health in those regions but also help ourselves control these debilitating and often deadly diseases.
Among many countries, Africa is the one who is struggling with such deadly diseases day by day. So, here we disclose those top 10 most common and deadliest diseases in Africa. They are:
Syphilis is arguably one of the most dangerous diseases in Africa. The rash/ boil causing plague is responsible for the infection of up to 12.2 million. People in the world every year with a 1/4th of these cases occurring in Africa due to a worst sexual health condition. This disease is transmitted through a contract with body fluids, blood and blood products.
It is also transmitted from mother to child. At least, 157,000 people lose their life to syphilis every year. According to WHO, infection rates in major cities like Zambia and Cameroon were reported to be as high as 10% and 6% in both genders. Beyond Africa, Syphilis is prevalent in Southeast Asia and South America.
Meningitis is also one of the chronic diseases in Africa and the world at large. Meningitis is prevalent in the Northen and central parts of Africa. This disease is usually seasonally occurring mostly in the dry season between December and June. Above one million people get infected by some form of meningitis every year resulting 174,000 deaths every year.
A typical infection results from the covering of the brain and spinal cord leading to swelling of these tissues. It has a high mortality rate that even with early diagnosis and treatment, up to 5 to 10% of affected individuals end up dead. And, a higher 10 to 20% of survivors suffer permanent brain damage and some form of hearing impairment. The prevalence of Meningitis can be reduced with sufficient vaccination and prophylaxis for those who may be in danger.
Tetanus is a disease of carelessness as well as negligence. It is counted among the top ten deadly diseases in Africa. Although. Tetanus affects less number of people, it leaves fewer survivors. Tetanus is omnipresent. Therefore, It can easily infect a person when there is a breach in the first layer of barrier against diseases.
Sub Saharan African countries record about 84,000 deaths from tetanus on a yearly basis. Neonatal tetanus is familiar in many developing countries mostly in African countries and in South East Asia. Most noteworthy, since World Health Organisation called for a global elimination of tetanus in 1989, deaths from neonatal tetanus have declined.
7. Whopping Caugh (Pertussis)
A whopping cough is the seventh most deadly diseases in Africa. There are between 20 to 40 million people diagnosed cases of Pertussis. 200,000 to 300,000 de every year and most of them are infants and kids under 5 years. A whopping cough is a highly infectious disease that often takes 7 to 14 days for an established infection to be treated.
Measles is a disease that has gained a reputable degree of popularity due to its ability to spread like wildfire during outbreaks. This disease claims 530,000 lives on a yearly basis after infecting more than thirty million individuals each year.
Now, Measles has seen a harsh reduction since vaccination became more readily available. However, it is still a challenge in some developing countries of Africa. A regular measles infection is airborne, spreads by coughing and sneezing. It usually affects malnourished children.
Tuberculosis is a major disease in Africa which kills after a lengthy period of inflicting an incapacitating condition on the victims. Above 2 million people die every year from tuberculosis. In Africa, Tuberculosis is much more contagious.
About 1/3rd of world’s population is infected with tuberculosis. Meaning, one in 3 to 4 people you come across on the street have been infected by tuberculosis. Needless to say, the disease only becomes serious when the immune system is low. As soon as you become closely serious sufferer you start producing lots of mycobacterium tubercule.
It is the passage of three or more stool on any given day. In few cases, Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of stool more frequently than is for the person. This disease is very common in Africa especially within the poorest and developing nations. There are four billion cases of diarrhea every year. About 2.2 million people die from it in world.
In Africa, diarrhea is much more predominant that it is responsible for 8 % of all deaths and most of them being the kid under two years. In this country, people suffer from diarrhea because of contaminated living conditions including polluted water.
Malaria is a disease that affects more than 500 million individuals yearly causing between 1 and 3 million deaths. This has become so familiar in Africa. In terms of taking lives, it does so beyond mercy. The prevalence rate of Malaria in Africa is exorbitantly high especially in sub-Saharan Africa where up to 90% of all cases are known to take place. After infection, complications such as anemia, cerebral malaria, and swelling of the spleen may be seen.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus which causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a disease that attacks the immune system provoking its progressive failure. In the end, end ups with allowing opportunistic infections. HIV/AIDS is among the ten most widespread African diseases till today’s date. In Africa, there is no region that is free from HIV/AIDS. Homosexual transmission is the only cause of HIV transmission in this nation.
1. Pneumonia and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
Pneumonia, as well as the lower respiratory tract infections, are the leading cause of death among Africans. This disease affects both children and adults, it leaves limited room for intervention. In cases of lower respiratory infections, early treatment is only the solution. Pneumonia alone is responsible for 90 percent of all respiratory tract infections. It is the most chronic disease in Africa. In Africa, more than 800,000 people lose their lives every year due to pneumonia.